Quantifying the role of ecosystem services in crop
production at farm and landscape scales
WP leader – Lund University (S), Henrik
crop production function specifies the yield of a particular commodity for all
combinations of inputs where inputs can be thought of broadly as comprising
both purchased inputs (e.g. fertilisers and pesticides) and supporting and
regulating ecosystem services (e.g. pest regulation, pollination, soil
fertility). Knowledge of the production function is crucial for modelling
farmer decision-making because yield is the primary determinant of profit and
hence for evaluating policy options.
The objective and novelty of WP4 is to
estimate spatially explicit production functions that consider the impact of
landscape structure on flows of supporting ecosystem services (i.e.
pollination, biocontrol and soil fertility) and ultimately on yields of the
major crops grown in each of the case-study landscapes. This will allow us to
quantify how the spatial distribution of a particular habitat affects yield.
During the initial stages of the project these will be developed using existing
data from other projects or publications.
Data produced by WP1-3 will be used
to calibrate the models when they become available during the second half of
- Develop a landscape model that uses production
functions to relate crop yield in individual fields to flows of multiple
ecosystem services as influenced by field and landscape characteristics.
- Calibrate the landscape model to 7 pan
European case-study landscapes and map flows of ecosystem services and
- Analyse trade-offs between multiple ecosystem
services under ecological intensification