Work package 1

Identifying general relationships between semi-natural habitats, on-farm management and biodiversity

WP leader - University of Würzburg (D), Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter.

Photo by David Kleijn: Empty farmers field with trees
Biodiversity in agricultural ecosystems has been studied in several past and ongoing projects at a European scale but an overall synthesis of these data is currently lacking. Existing data cover a broad range of functional groups from above- and below-ground ecosystem compartments. Thus, data are available for major bio-geographical regions  in Europe representing areas with different soil and climate conditions, farming intensity, landscape composition and configuration, and regional species pools.

In Work package 1 of LIBERATION, we will search for general trends in agricultural biodiversity and ecosystem services in relation to multiple environmental drivers while taking into account large-scale geographic variation. In order to do so, standardized data will be compiled in close collaboration with original data holders to characterise large-scale variation in environmental conditions (climate, soil type) regional variation in landscape heterogeneity and land cover and local management impacts (e.g. pesticide and fertilizer application). The subdivision of work and contributing partners within the three tasks for data compilation and data analyses are described below.

Objectives:

  1. To characterise the general relationships between semi-natural habitats and on-farm management on above-ground biodiversity of different functional species groups in Europe
  2. To characterise the general relationships between semi-natural habitats and on-farm management and below-ground biodiversity of different functional species groups in Europe
  3. To identify synergies and trade-offs between drivers promoting above- and below-ground biodiversity